Reform, in Name Only
Bill Hartley returns to prison
Along with other departments, the Ministry of Justice was required by the coalition government to undertake budget cuts. Prisons were particularly hard hit and according to the Prison Governors Association there are now 7000 fewer officers than in 2010. Some prisons were closed. In keeping with the tradition of care and consideration shown to employees by headquarters, governors of the affected prisons were given ample notice to brief their staff. Half an hour after a telephone call in one case.
Another method used was to merge some prisons which lay in close proximity to each other; hence there are interesting new names on the list of jails, ‘Northumberland’ and ‘Humber’ for example. These mergers have certainly produced an economy of scale in admin departments and the like, though running such places must be awkward: the governor having to go out of one jail to enter another then manage a new set of operating problems, even though as far as headquarters is concerned it’s the same jail.
More recently the Service has experienced another metamorphosis. Gone is the unloved and unlamented National Offender Management Service, meant to ‘seamlessly’ bring together prison and probation. Belatedly, headquarters figured out that there was going to be little loyalty towards something called NOMS. Now it is called HM Prison and Probation Service. Those poor folks in probation were always going to be the junior partners in this enterprise and they have suffered organisationally. First they were effectively nationalised, being taken out of local authority control. Then merged with the Prison Service, then disastrously privatised and now they are back in the fold as part of HMPPS. Continue reading
Joe Biden, LBJ Library photo by Jay Godwin
by Ilana Mercer
How does one distill the worldview of the Democrats vying for their party’s presidential nomination? Outrace each other on racial righteousness? End Anglo-America? Welcome the World? Evict the unborn? Speak Spanish; English is your second language? All the above—and worse.
On display, again, during the second in a series of Democratic primary debates, were the racial (read anti-white) dynamics. Genial uncle Joe Biden bowed and scraped to his multicultural rivals, whereupon they set upon him like a flash mob; a multicultural mugging, Pat Buchanan called it.
Race—more accurately, anti-white politics—is the Democrats’ cri de coeur. They have no other passion other than hounding and excommunicating others for what are thought crimes—for thinking, speaking or tweeting in politically unpleasing ways.
But practicing ageism gives these social-justice warriors no pause. Leading the purge of the party’s elders was Eric Swalwell, a nasty bit of work who had mercifully dropped out after the first round of debates, late in June. At the time, Swalwell had called on older Democrats to “pass the torch.” “[I]t’s time to pass the torch to a new generation of Americans.”
“If we are going to solve the issue, pass the torch. If we are going to solve climate chaos, pass the torch. If we want to end gun violence and solve student debt, pass the torch.”
The United States’ Entry into the First World War: the Role of British and German Diplomacy, Justin Quinn Olmstead, The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2018, hb, 206 pp, reviewed by Leslie Jones
In 1914, the majority of Americans wanted to avoid US involvement in the European war. Indicatively, two thirds of 367 American newspaper editors surveyed by the Literary Digest supported neither side. But just as today, there was a gulf between the views of the eastern elite and those of the heartland. Concerning the sinking of the Lusitania in May 1915, the Chicago Tribune commented that since Britain did not obey international law, why should Germany? In contrast, a recurrent theme of articles in the New York Herald and New York Times was that Germany was bent on world domination. British propagandists worked tirelessly to demonise the Kaiser-Reich. At times, Wilhelm II played into their hands, as when he urged troops, embarking for China to suppress the Boxer rebellion, to “…beat him [the enemy] …give no pardon and take no prisoners”.
Diplomacy and propaganda dovetailed in Britain’s efforts to draw the US into the war and of those of Germany to keep her out. For Germany, “the maintenance of American neutrality was key”. President Woodrow Wilson and his Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan were relatively untutored in foreign affairs and depended on the advice of Robert Lansing, Counselor of the US Department of State. Wilson’s inexperience in foreign affairs was compounded by depression, following the death of his wife Ellen in August 1914. Continue reading
John Flaxman, The Dancing Hours
Something Missing in Propertius
by Darrell Sutton
Readers can be perplexed by the arguments that textual critics employ when they emend the wording of ancient writers. Critics’ trains of thought are not easy to follow at times; but assiduity is needed in the correction of texts. Since text-critical criteria are not infallible standards, the pathways to truth are strewn with obstructions, requiring detailed studies of a text’s contexts in order to establish a text’s profile. Articles and books on how to perform text-critical procedures can be acquired, and reviewing one’s predecessors can show how they opened new ranges of thought and broadened investigations.
This essay is an analysis of some ‘missing’ words in a MS of an ancient Latin poem composed by Propertius (c.55BC-16BC). The dates of his birth and death remain insecure. No one doubts the perspicacity of Propertius. He was a great poetic stylist. His elegies are unique, well-nigh inimitable. His use of metaphor and simile, and his many allusions to Greco-Roman myth, fill the reader’s mind with symbolism. Some of his phrases form intricate webs of meaning like those found in Catullus’ poems.
The history of the text’s transmission is avoided in all that follows. But a rapid survey of the contents surrounding the missing verses is given before an examination of the textual issues of III.1.27 begins. Continue reading
Dr. Syn, Alias the Scarecrow (1963), credit IMDb
ENDNOTES, August 2019
In this edition: Pergolesi, A Neapolitan Stabat Mater; the film music of Gerard Schurmann, reviewed by Stuart Millson
From the extraordinary across-the-centuries choral archive that is the ICSM/CHRONOS record label, comes one of the most surprising and dazzlingly recorded projects of baroque music of the last ten years: a re-imagining of Pergolesi’s Holy Week homage, the Stabat Mater– but interspersed with fragments of the folk and popular music of the day – as if the church doors had been opened to allow the songs and sounds of the Neapolitan streets to fuse with the sacred music of the hallowed interior.
This vision and “curation” of organist and conductor Franck-Emmanuel Comte, directing the period ensemble, Le Concert de l’Hostel Dieu, combines hypnotic, meditative recitatives, such as Donna Isabelle, canzone and Miserere, her long, haunting lament as “Isabella, the harrowed one…” calling upon God to “have mercy on me… according to Thy great mercy” – with contrasting tarantella dances, percussive, skipping rhythms, fanned by the thrumming of stringed instruments, and a high-pitched street-musician’s whistle.
In the programme notes, Franck-Emmanuel Comte writes of his “timeless Italian journey”, as if the recording is more of an attempt to capture the essence, talk and song, flavours and day-to-day life of an ancient European city and culture, than any mere baroque or Pergolesi interpretation. Continue reading
Feliks Wegierski, credit Toronto Star
Obituary – Feliks Wegierski
by Apolonja (Pola) Maria Kojder
Feliks Wegierski was born in Dzialdowo, in north-western, pre-war Poland, in 1923. He showed an early aptitude for sketching and drawing, and carved small wooden toys for his eight siblings (three brothers and five sisters).
During the Second World War, Feliks served as an artilleryman in the Polish Second Corps under British command, which fought in the Italian theatre-of-operations. He made numerous wartime drawings, which he was able to preserve for posterity and later publish in book form in 2008 (on the occasion of his 50th Wedding Anniversary).
He studied art at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Ravenna; architecture and sculpture at Cheltenham; and, later, furniture making and design in London, England (London County Council Central School of Arts and Crafts). One of his original furniture designs was exhibited at the Festival of Britain in 1951, an exposition which occurs once every hundred years. Continue reading
Vasily Kandinsky, Painting with White Border
Borders are Beautiful
by Ilana Mercer
In a previous post we posed the following question:
“Do we still have a country, when every single passive, non-aggressive act taken to repel people crossing into our country is considered de facto illegal, or inhumane, or in violation of international and U.S. law, or in contravention of some hidden clause in the U.S. Constitution.”
Table a new law limiting trespass en masse, or attempt to enforce any of the many immigration laws already in the United States Code, and this is deemed by most in the ruling class to be problematic, if not diabolical.
Because Republicans in power seldom ever fulfill their obligation to enforce America’s existing tough immigration laws. You mean you didn’t know there were immigration laws aplenty already on the books? My point exactly. No representative tells you about the laws that he or she has sworn to uphold, and hasn’t. Few representatives will fight to enforce these laws, or retaliate when judges routinely nullify immigration law. Continue reading
Poland, in World War II
by Mark Wegierski
During the more than seven decades following the end of World War II, an ongoing stream of disinformation from various quarters e.g., the former Soviet Union and left-wing British circles, has clouded the sterling record of Poland and the Poles during World War II. In a climate of increasing ignorance of the most basic historical facts and realities, it is important to remember the Polish role in World War II, on the 75th anniversary of the tragic Warsaw Uprising of 1944 and 80 years since the start of the war.
THE BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR II
On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany, under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, invaded Poland, without warning or a formal declaration of war. Hitler’s publicly professed objective was “to get rid of that intolerable Polish Corridor.” The Polish government’s restrictions on the German population in the Corridor and in Danzig (Gdansk), had given Hitler a pretext for war. On August 31, Hitler’s SS-men staged a mock-attack on the German radio-station in Gleiwitz (Gliwice) — blaming it on the Polish army — in the hope that this would encourage France and Britain to renege on their treaty obligations to Poland. As it was, France and Britain put pressure on Poland to delay its general mobilization from August 31 to September 1, which probably resulted in something like 300,000 Polish troops never getting into action. Given the diplomatic context of the time, France and Britain might not have declared war on Germany at all, had Poland surrendered quickly to Nazi Germany, in the hope of more lenient treatment. Continue reading
Do We Still Have a Country?
by Ilana Mercer
How do you know you don’t have a country?
Every single passive, non-aggressive act you take to repel people crossing your borders is considered de facto illegal, or inhumane, or in violation of international law, or in contravention of some hidden clause in the U.S. Constitution.
So say the experts and their newly minted jurisprudence.
You may tell a toddler, “You can’t go there.” But you may not tell an illegal trespasser, “Hey, turn back. You can’t come into the U.S. at whim.”
Please understand that not giving someone something they demand or desire is a negative act. Or, more accurately, an inaction. You are not actively doing anything to harm that person by denying them something.
Unless, of course, what you are denying them is their right to their life, their right to their liberty, their right to their property. Those are the only things you may not deny to innocent others. These interlopers do not have a right to, or a lien on, your liberty and property. Continue reading
Federico (Samuel Sakker) and Vivetta (Fflur Wyn), photo by Ali Wright
A Family Romance – review of L’Arlesiana
Opera in three acts, music composed by Francesco Cilea, libretto by Leopoldo Marenco after Alphonse Daudet, new production by Investec Opera Holland Park, City of London Sinfonia and Opera Holland Park Chorus conducted by Dane Lam, directed by Oliver Platt, reviewed by Leslie Jones
Ignore what you may have heard about L’Arlesiana; that the libretto is uninspired and only merits a concert performance, such as that given recently by Deutsche Oper (see Rebecca Schmit, Classical Voice North America, March 19th 2018); or that only the famous aria Lamento di Federico, È la solita storia del pastore, is vaut le voyage. For as critic Tim Ashley remarked in his perceptive review of Holland Park’s 2003 production, “The whole is a lesson in how to make an opera that is by no means a masterpiece come vividly alive”.
Freud’s epoch-making The Interpretation of Dreams was published in 1899. In 1897, L’Arlesiana was premiered in the Teatro Lirico, Milan, with Enrico Caruso, no less, as Federico. There is synchronicity here. We have a mother, Rosa Mamai, who is obsessed with her first born son Federico and a son fixated on his mother. “Mother you will always be my greatest love”, Federico confides. Baldassare’s story of a wolf savaging a she-goat has a distinctly Freudian flavour. Continue reading