Race, evolution and intelligence

Richard Lynn, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, University of Ulster

Richard Lynn, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, University of Ulster

Race, Evolution and Intelligence

Paul Dachslager reviews Richard Lynn’s chef-d’oeuvre 

Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis, Richard Lynn, second revised edition, 2015, Washington Summit Publishers, Athens, GA, reviewed by Dr Paul Dachslager

This second, revised edition of Richard Lynn’s definitive compilation of racial IQs, first published in 2006, gives many more studies now reaching approximately 500. His principal results are summarised as follows; North-east Asians, IQ 105; Northern and Central Europeans, IQ 100; South Europeans (Balkans, Sicily), IQ 92-96; Arctic peoples, IQ 91; New Zealand Maoris, IQ 90; American Hispanics, IQ 89; Native Americans, IQ 86; Pacific Islanders, IQ 85; South Asians (Turkey, Middle East, Indian Sub-content, IQ 84-90; North Africans, IQ 84; Sub-Saharan Africans, IQ 71; Australian Aborigines, IQ 62; Pygmies, IQ 57; Bushmen, IQ 55.

Lynn points out that these are averages and that there is a wide range of IQs in these populations. For instance, although the average IQ in India is estimated as 82, in the population of around one billion there are a large number of people with high IQs, many of whom now work in the United Kingdom and the United States.

In the second half of the book, Lynn considers the causes of the evolution of these IQ differences during the last 60,000 or so years. His ‘cold winters theory’ proposes that when early peoples migrated from equatorial east Africa into the more northern latitudes of North Africa, South Asia, Europe and Northeast Asia, they encountered more challenging and demanding environments which required greater intelligence to survive. During the cold winters, they had to hunt large animals for food, build fires and shelters and make clothes to keep warm. The colder the winter temperatures and the more northerly the environment, the higher the IQs that perforce evolved. In support of this hypothesis, he notes that the peoples with the highest IQs typically inhabit regions with low winter temperatures, in the more northerly latitudes of Europe and Northeast Asia. He infers also that as early peoples migrated from the warm south into the colder north, their brain size increased to accommodate higher IQs, so that today the average brain size ranges from 1,283 cc in Sub-Saharan Africans to 1,369 cc in Europeans to 1,416 cc in Northeast Asians.

Lynn’s compilation of racial differences in IQs forms the basis of his study with the late Professor Tatu Vanhanen, presented in their book Intelligence: A Unifying Construct for the Social Sciences (2012). They maintained therein that national differences in intelligence explain much of the national differences in educational and cultural achievements and economic development. These several studies represent a major advance in our understanding of many contemporary problems, notably the ongoing mass migration from the poor south to the rich north.

Dr Paul Dachslager is the author of Human Sin or Social Sin: Evolutionary Psychology, Plato and the Christian Logic of Sociology, 2016

 

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Mission Civilisatrice in Mexico

Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Mission Civilisatrice in Mexico

Thomas O. Meehan on a missed opportunity

Cinco de Mayo is a day celebrated in the US by the Mexican diaspora. Cinco de Mayo is also lustily celebrated here by my other countrymen, who would gladly celebrate the black hole of Calcutta if it involved heavy drinking and the wearing of funny hats. The day in question commemorates the Mexican victory on May 5th 1862 over an invading French army at the Battle of Puebla. With American help, the Mexicans eventually ejected the French and executed the French-imposed Emperor, Maximilian I, arguably their last good leader and the best chance that Mexico had for something approximating good government.

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Parkway Restaurant, Ludlow

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Parkway Restaurant, Ludlow

Em Marshall-Luck samples a Taste of
Barcelona in Ludlow

Parkway is set down a little passageway off Ludlow’s architecturally impressive Corve street, with its gathering of bakeries, restaurants and home shops; the passageway leads to a conglomeration of hair dressers, toys shops, and this family-friendly tapas restaurant, with wooden tables and comfortable-looking padded wicker chairs outside under the awnings – even on this freezing cold and rainy evening.

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One walks into a small room, with just five tables, and an impressive-looking bar stacked with bottles, glasses gleaming behind it, and a large stack of teapots beside. A tea box displays various types of tea; clearly (and pleasingly) tea is taken as seriously here as alcoholic beverages. Continue reading

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Hemlock, on Tap

Head of Socrates in Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome

Head of Socrates, in Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome

Hemlock, on Tap

Ed Dutton endorses a brave and timely tome

Academic Freedom in an Age of Conformity, by Joanna Williams, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, PB., 217pp.  

Like a dramatist building to a climax, Joanna Williams, education lecturer at the University of Kent and education editor for SpikedOnline, delays hitting you with her message. ‘Without academic freedom,’ she eventually asserts, ‘universities risk returning to the status of Medieval institutions, only rather than paying homage to the church, many scholars today choose to worship at the altar of liberal opinion’ (p.198). This is the disturbing conclusion of this book. Academia is becoming less ‘academic’ by the day, with trigger warnings on courses, safe spaces for students, an overwhelmingly anti-conservative academic body and the persecution of academic dissent.

Academic Freedom in an Age of Conformity is tightly written and is clearly referenced (books are mentioned within the text). Williams takes us on a journey through the history of the academy and the parallel history of academic freedom. It is a sobering read and from the outset we see a conflict over how academic freedom should be defined. Continue reading

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Talking Power to Truth

Don Carlo angel

Talking Power to Truth

Don Carlo, 1886 version, music composed by Giuseppe Verdi, libretto by Joseph Méry and Camille du Locle, conducted by Bertrand de Billy, Director Nicholas Hytner, Royal Opera, Friday 12th May 2017, reviewed by Leslie Jones

This, the third revival of Nicholas Hytner’s production, is a curious mixture of the old and the new. The sets, somewhat reminiscent of David Hockney’s latest phase, are minimalist, as in the opening scene, in the forest of Fontainebleu. At the beginning of Act II, located in the cloister of San Yuste Monastery, massive Romanesque pillars ingeniously descend from above. Use of colour, especially red, is most effective, as with the fans of the ladies of the court during the Song of the Veil, sung by Princess Eboli (Ekaterina Semenchuk). The costumes, however, are ultra traditionalist, albeit striking, as with the serried ranks of furs of the ladies of the French court. All of the main parts are performed with accomplishment although there were no standout performances on this occasion. Continue reading

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Conflicting Conceptions of France

Image from Pinterest

Image from Pinterest

Conflicting Conceptions of France

Stoddard Martin reviews a new life of Léon Blum

Léon Blum; Prime Minister, Socialist, Zionist, by Pierre Birnbaum, Yale University Press, 2015, HB, 233pp

We have recently observed a French election in which the choice seemed to be clear: between a nationalist and an internationalist conception of the meaning of ‘France’. The divide on this issue may go back to the first French revolution – i.e., whether that event was meant to emancipate the People as French or the People as, in effect, of the world. There was a messianic, universalist message in the Enlightenment ideals of the Rights of Man, as in the Francophile Jefferson’s earlier iterations in the American Declaration of Independence. ‘All men are created equal’; ‘Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness [chasse au bonheur]’; ‘Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité’ became battle cries sounding often since 1789 elsewhere than in one nation. Napoleon conquered Europe not just as a Frenchman (Italo-Corsican) but as exporter of the revolutionary idea. An outre Rhin conception of France’s destiny was plain in Emmanuel Macron’s use of the ‘Ode to Joy’ as he walked in front of I. M. Pei’s Louvre pyramid to deliver his victory address. The Marseillaise came only after. Continue reading

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Alas, Poor Russia

Novyi Satirikon, April 1917, Caricature of Grigorii Rasputin

Novyi Satirikon, April 1917, Caricature of Grigorii Rasputin

Alas, Poor Russia

Leslie Jones attends an outstanding exhibition

Russian Revolution: Hope, Tragedy, Myths, British Library, 28th April 2017 to 29th August, 2017

Propaganda is evidently the leitmotiv of this exhibition. The insidious influence of the faith healer Grigorii Rasputin over Tsar Nicholas II and the Tsarina, Alexandra (as depicted in the poster above) was a godsend to opponents of autocracy, especially during the Great War. In ‘A very close friend’ (New York Review of Books, December 2016, a review of Douglas Smith’s Rasputin: Faith, Power, and the Twilight of the Romanovs) historian Orlando Figes shows that the monarchy lost control of the presentation of the news “at a time when its survival depended upon it”.

Nicholas II and Prince of Wales, subsequently George V

Nicholas II and the Prince of Wales, subsequently George V

King George V reportedly liked his relative Nicholas (an honorary Admiral of the British Fleet, no less) well enough. But following the February Revolution of 1917 and the Tsar’s enforced abdication, King George declined to offer his first cousin asylum, having been advised by the British Ambassador in Russia, Sir George Buchanan, that it might cause an uprising here. The Tsarina, who was the daughter of the Grand Duke of Hesse, was allegedly pro-German. Indeed, it was widely believed that Alexandra and Rasputin were in league with the Germans. Moreover, Nicholas was considered by some as The Hanging Czar, to quote the title of a 1908 pamphlet by Tolstoy, which is displayed in W J Chamberlain’s English translation. Continue reading

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In Search of True Federalism

Canada_3_cents_1917

In Search of True Federalism

A further article by Mark Wegierski to Commemorate the Sesquicentennial of Canadian Confederation

It is sometimes maintained that strengthening the provinces and regions in Canada would lead to a more balanced society. While there is no returning to the Old Canada which existed “before the Sixties”, is it possible that this “New Canada” could reach out to incorporate better aspects of the Old Canada – to create a new synthesis – “Canada Three” – rather than continue on the path of ever-intensifying left-liberalism?

What is Canadian identity? There have been at least two, different Canada’s –  the one that existed before the 1960s, and the one that exists today. Traditional Canada was defined by its founding nations – the English (British) and the French (the latter mostly centered in what, in 1867, became the Province of Quebec). These two nations long pre-existed the creation of a Canadian Confederation, the latter with its distinct provinces and with the powers of the federal and provincial governments clearly delineated. Confederation was a marriage of British Parliamentary traditions with the concept of a federation. Continue reading

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King of New York

Unknown

King of New York

Thomas O. Meehan deconstructs the Donald

President Trump represents a negative Stupor Mundi to much of the world. Paradoxically, this is not because the American press cannot understand him but because they have so much in common with him.

In fact, Donald J Trump is hardly an American at all. He is a New Yorker. Remember that every ancestor of every New Yorker got off a ship and then decided to remain dockside indefinitely. That is just as much true for Dominican illegals today as it once was for ancient Dutch families.

New York, with its Dominican, Jewish and Italian quarters etc, is much like a city of the Ottoman Empire. Each is a world in itself viewing the polis as a milch cow. New Yorkers don’t make things, they make deals. Continue reading

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Made by Bob

Made By Bob ´Çº Lunch Service-21

Made by Bob

Em Marshall-Luck relishes a treat in Cirencester

Not having visited Cirencester’s centre for many years, I was pleasantly surprise by the clean, smart place it has become, with gleaming pedestrianised areas and the parish church’s stone glowing golden – a far change from the dirty grey I recall. One of the most startling changes has taken place in the once-grotty and run-down Corn Hall, now brimming with fashionable and sophisticated shops – tempting-looking wine shops, boutique clothes shops, and the popular and highly acclaimed delicatessen and restaurant, Made by Bob. With a greyish wooden floor, grey chairs, circular and square wooden tables with metal pedestals, white-painted arched brickwork, and the matching deep blue of the banquettes, feature walls, bar, industrial pendant lamps, window frames and beams, the impression is relaxed but smart; and very trendy. Continue reading

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