Mass Immigration and its Critics

The Jack Pine by Tom Thompson

The Jack Pine, by Tom Thompson

Mass Immigration and its Critics

The Effects of Mass Immigration on Canadian Living Standards and Society, edited by Herbert Grubel, Vancouver, Fraser Institute, 2009, CAN$19.95, xxvi + 236 pp., ISBN 978-0-88975-246-7, reviewed by Mark Wegierski, to commemorate the Sesquicentennial of Canadian Confederation

The Fraser Institute ( is one of the very few right-leaning think-tanks in Canada. This is in marked contrast to the United States, where think-tanks that espouse moderate conservatism proliferate. Nevertheless, in more recent years, the Fraser Institute has, in a few cases, moved beyond a strictly free-market and purely economic focus, and into the areas of social and cultural policy. This book, which had also been available in its entirety in PDF on the Fraser Institute website, is one of the first major studies to consider the issue of mass immigration.

Pages v-xii give brief biographies of the authors, which show that they all have serious accomplishments. On pages xv-xxvi, Herbert Grubel (a former professor of economics at Simon Fraser University, and Reform Party M.P. from 1993-1997, as well as Reform’s Finance Critic from 1995-1997), gives a pithy précis of the book.

In his sharp first chapter, James Bissett, a former Canadian Ambassador with 36 years of service in the government of Canada, offers a frank assessment of the problems with the Canadian immigration program:

“In June 2008, the backlog had reached the 950,000 mark… the backlog at the Refugee Board had reached 62,000… Most of these refugee claimants will eventually end up as landed immigrants to Canada… To these extraordinary numbers must be added another 100,000 to 150,000 temporary workers who will in all probability, based on past experience, remain in Canada.” (p. 7)

At the end of the chapter, Bissett calls for an “intermission”:

“During this time of economic slow down, the only new immigrants to be admitted should be those who have proven skills that are critical to our economy and the spouses and minor children of Canadian citizens and legal residents.” (p. 24)

The second chapter is by Steven A. Camarota, the Director of Research for the Center for Immigration Studies, who holds a Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in public-policy analysis, and is a frequent commentator on these issues. His main point in “Immigration’s impact on public coffers in the United States” is that insofar as a society does not select immigrants with high education, the costs associated with poorly-educated immigrants, for all levels of government, will tend to be high.

Chapter 3, by Jean-Paul Gourevitch, entitled “Immigration and its impacts in France” – while acknowledging the problems with the recent, mostly Islamic and African immigration, is rather reserved.

In the fourth chapter, Vernon M. Briggs, Jr., lays out basic principles for discussion of immigration that can hopefully be agreed to by most people, without recrimination and accusations of bias. For example, he cites the U.S. Commission on Immigration Policy, 1997:

“The credibility of immigration policy can be measured by a simple yardstick: people who should get in, do get in; people who should not get in, are kept out; and people judged deportable are required to leave.” (p. 70)

Chapter 5 (by Patrick Grady) and 6 (by Herbert Grubel) reiterate the point that an inflow of less-educated immigrants will have a negative effect on the general levels of prosperity in any society. Essentially, poverty is being imported into Canada. Ostensibly high educational qualifications from less-developed countries may not be comparable to such degrees obtained in Canada.

Chapters 7 (by Robin Banerjee and William Robson) and 8 (by Marcel Merette) demonstrate, through extensive statistical analysis, that immigrant inflow is not going to make a dent in the aging population structure of Canada. Raising the age of retirement, as well as the hope of the Canadian birthrate going up to replacement level, would have a far more efficacious impact on the economic consequences of an ageing population structure.

Stephen Gallagher’s Chapter 9, “The creation of a global suburb and its impact on Canadian national unity”, is one of the bravest essays in the collection. Gallagher explains how – because of a concatenation of mutually reinforcing syndromes such as the relationships between political parties, special interest groups, and the major media – Canada’s mass immigration policies are not being properly debated. Gallagher writes:

“Since 1945, Canada has received approximately 10 million immigrants of diverse origins. I believe that this on-going mass immigration is causing Canada to evolve into a diasporatic society. Canada is becoming a home away from home for a range of peoples whose identities are rooted not in Canada but in countries and regions of origin… As a result of the unique size and pattern of immigration to Canada, the country is undergoing a societal and demographic evolution that is much more rapid and profound than is taking place in the other major immigrant-welcoming countries. For example, while only 10% of Americans are foreign-born, in Canada nearly 20% are.

… Overall, population and social planning in the absence of a willingness to assimilate is difficult.” (pp. 171-174)

He goes on:

“In contrast with Europe and elsewhere, Canada has never had a populist backlash to mass immigration nor in recent times has there been a high profile political or business leader who questioned the need for mass immigration… although populist anti-immigration parties and leaders have not had much electoral success in Europe, they have nevertheless had important influences on national immigration policies… In the past, the absence of opposition to mass immigration in Canada meant policy elites in Ottawa had a free hand. Currently, however, a relative absence of opposition coupled with a range of interests supporting a permissive migration policy means policy elites are now constrained… in Canada the advocacy forces are all on one side, creating a “client politics” situation… the lack of contrasting opinions on immigration hinders effective policy making because politicians have a lessened capability to balance competing national interests.” (p 183)

Gallagher, a lecturer in Political Science and a frequent commentator in Canadian and U.S. media, is simply calling for serious debate to get underway.

Salim Mansur’s Chapter 10 essay, “Immigration and multiculturalism undermine culture and security in Canada”, is another courageous contributions to this collection. A professor of political science at the University of Western Ontario, Mansur writes a weekly column for the Toronto Sun, one of Toronto’s major newspapers. He comments:

“The main proposition of this paper has been that open-door immigration from non-Western countries under Canada’s multicultural policies and liberal-democratic values has resulted in a growing threat to the country’s national identity and security. This threat has confronted the country with the difficult task of reconciling its desire to conserve the national identity and diffuse the threat of terrorism with the policy of multiculturalism and liberal desires for inclusion and individualism.”

“Unfortunately, these issues are getting very little attention from the public, media, or politicians, who prefer to treat the threats of global terrorism as questionable and treat open-door immigration policy and multiculturalism as “untouchable” pillars of the modern Canada…”
(pp. 206-207)

Earlier, he discusses “The West’s demographic shift” – an issue that few commentators today are willing to look at with candor:

“The historic shift in the demography of the West, with its ageing population and declining fertility, which began around the second half of the last century, suggests that the populations of Western countries will decline severely, with far reaching consequences for their civilization.”
(p. 201)

In the eleventh chapter, Gordon Gibson, formerly a prominent provincial politician in British Columbia, points to the difficulties of getting a debate about immigration underway. He writes in conclusion:

“We have some hard questions to face. Immigration is only one of them but it is surely a litmus test as nothing is more important to a nation’s future than “who we are.” (p. 224)

The concluding Chapter 12 is from Sir Andrew Green, the founder of MigrationwatchUK – a research organization that has profoundly influenced the immigration debate in Britain. Sir Andrew stresses the importance of presenting facts without embellishment or invective.

Generally speaking, the objective of this collection is to move the public policy debate in the direction of accepting much lower immigration levels, hopefully as low as zero net-migration. This would mean that 45,000 immigrants would henceforth be accepted into Canada every year. The current level has recently been raised to 300,000 per year (from 250,000) which is about three times the U.S. rate, per capita.

Unhappily, this book has not transformed the debate about Canadian immigration and multiculturalism. In the U.S., there are numerous networks that bring such issues to public attention, if sometimes in a fragmentary form. But Canada has been so thoroughly reshaped by the Trudeau Revolution, that even the recent successes of the federal Conservative Party have left the overarching concepts and structures of our “Trudeaupia” virtually untouched. Somewhat ironically, the Progressive Conservative party of the 1980s, under the leadership of Brian Mulroney, had imbibed so much of Pierre Elliott Trudeau’s ideas that it precipitously raised the immigration numbers to a quarter-million persons per year whereas they had fallen as low as 54,000 in Trudeau’s last year in office.

Mark Wegierski is a Toronto-based writer and historical researcher


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ENDNOTES, 23rd May 2017

Frederick Delius by Jelka Rosen

Frederick Delius, by Jelka Rosen

ENDNOTES, 23rd May, 2017

In this edition: A Mass for Modern Man; Cesar Franck, Violin Sonata in A Major; Elgar and Delius Quartets; Over the Plains, by George Antheil

Ståle Kleiberg (b. 1958) is a Norwegian composer not well known to British audiences – although his works, often dealing with the issues of warfare and persecution, have been performed to great acclaim in the United States. A new CD (on the Lindberg Lyd label) may well serve to bring Kleiberg’s music more to the fore in our country: his Mass for Modern Man – sumptuously and meticulously recorded in the state-of-the-art Olavshallen in Trondheim – revealing a modern-music voice rooted in tonality and moral clarity.

The traditional mass, or requiem, is used by Kleiberg, but it is interspersed with thoughts on contemporary themes by British writer, Jessica Gordon – the loss of a homeland, the plight of a refugee, the loss of faith itself. Surprisingly, the mood of the music is mainly thoughtful and soothing – as opposed to strident or atonal – which one might have expected from someone dealing with modern angst. Continue reading

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Race, evolution and intelligence

Richard Lynn, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, University of Ulster

Richard Lynn, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, University of Ulster

Race, Evolution and Intelligence

Paul Dachslager reviews Richard Lynn’s chef-d’oeuvre 

Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis, Richard Lynn, second revised edition, 2015, Washington Summit Publishers, Athens, GA, reviewed by Dr Paul Dachslager

This second, revised edition of Richard Lynn’s definitive compilation of racial IQs, first published in 2006, gives many more studies now reaching approximately 500. His principal results are summarised as follows; North-east Asians, IQ 105; Northern and Central Europeans, IQ 100; South Europeans (Balkans, Sicily), IQ 92-96; Arctic peoples, IQ 91; New Zealand Maoris, IQ 90; American Hispanics, IQ 89; Native Americans, IQ 86; Pacific Islanders, IQ 85; South Asians (Turkey, Middle East, Indian Sub-content, IQ 84-90; North Africans, IQ 84; Sub-Saharan Africans, IQ 71; Australian Aborigines, IQ 62; Pygmies, IQ 57; Bushmen, IQ 55.

Lynn points out that these are averages and that there is a wide range of IQs in these populations. For instance, although the average IQ in India is estimated as 82, in the population of around one billion there are a large number of people with high IQs, many of whom now work in the United Kingdom and the United States.

In the second half of the book, Lynn considers the causes of the evolution of these IQ differences during the last 60,000 or so years. His ‘cold winters theory’ proposes that when early peoples migrated from equatorial east Africa into the more northern latitudes of North Africa, South Asia, Europe and Northeast Asia, they encountered more challenging and demanding environments which required greater intelligence to survive. During the cold winters, they had to hunt large animals for food, build fires and shelters and make clothes to keep warm. The colder the winter temperatures and the more northerly the environment, the higher the IQs that perforce evolved. In support of this hypothesis, he notes that the peoples with the highest IQs typically inhabit regions with low winter temperatures, in the more northerly latitudes of Europe and Northeast Asia. He infers also that as early peoples migrated from the warm south into the colder north, their brain size increased to accommodate higher IQs, so that today the average brain size ranges from 1,283 cc in Sub-Saharan Africans to 1,369 cc in Europeans to 1,416 cc in Northeast Asians.

Lynn’s compilation of racial differences in IQs forms the basis of his study with the late Professor Tatu Vanhanen, presented in their book Intelligence: A Unifying Construct for the Social Sciences (2012). They maintained therein that national differences in intelligence explain much of the national differences in educational and cultural achievements and economic development. These several studies represent a major advance in our understanding of many contemporary problems, notably the ongoing mass migration from the poor south to the rich north.

Dr Paul Dachslager is the author of Human Sin or Social Sin: Evolutionary Psychology, Plato and the Christian Logic of Sociology, 2016


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Mission Civilisatrice in Mexico

Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Mission Civilisatrice in Mexico

Thomas O. Meehan on a missed opportunity

Cinco de Mayo is a day celebrated in the US by the Mexican diaspora. Cinco de Mayo is also lustily celebrated here by my other countrymen, who would gladly celebrate the black hole of Calcutta if it involved heavy drinking and the wearing of funny hats. The day in question commemorates the Mexican victory on May 5th 1862 over an invading French army at the Battle of Puebla. With American help, the Mexicans eventually ejected the French and executed the French-imposed Emperor, Maximilian I, arguably their last good leader and the best chance that Mexico had for something approximating good government.

Continue reading

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Parkway Restaurant, Ludlow


Parkway Restaurant, Ludlow

Em Marshall-Luck samples a Taste of
Barcelona in Ludlow

Parkway is set down a little passageway off Ludlow’s architecturally impressive Corve street, with its gathering of bakeries, restaurants and home shops; the passageway leads to a conglomeration of hair dressers, toys shops, and this family-friendly tapas restaurant, with wooden tables and comfortable-looking padded wicker chairs outside under the awnings – even on this freezing cold and rainy evening.


One walks into a small room, with just five tables, and an impressive-looking bar stacked with bottles, glasses gleaming behind it, and a large stack of teapots beside. A tea box displays various types of tea; clearly (and pleasingly) tea is taken as seriously here as alcoholic beverages. Continue reading

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Hemlock, on Tap

Head of Socrates in Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome

Head of Socrates, in Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome

Hemlock, on Tap

Ed Dutton endorses a brave and timely tome

Academic Freedom in an Age of Conformity, by Joanna Williams, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, PB., 217pp.  

Like a dramatist building to a climax, Joanna Williams, education lecturer at the University of Kent and education editor for SpikedOnline, delays hitting you with her message. ‘Without academic freedom,’ she eventually asserts, ‘universities risk returning to the status of Medieval institutions, only rather than paying homage to the church, many scholars today choose to worship at the altar of liberal opinion’ (p.198). This is the disturbing conclusion of this book. Academia is becoming less ‘academic’ by the day, with trigger warnings on courses, safe spaces for students, an overwhelmingly anti-conservative academic body and the persecution of academic dissent.

Academic Freedom in an Age of Conformity is tightly written and is clearly referenced (books are mentioned within the text). Williams takes us on a journey through the history of the academy and the parallel history of academic freedom. It is a sobering read and from the outset we see a conflict over how academic freedom should be defined. Continue reading

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Talking Power to Truth

Don Carlo angel

Talking Power to Truth

Don Carlo, 1886 version, music composed by Giuseppe Verdi, libretto by Joseph Méry and Camille du Locle, conducted by Bertrand de Billy, Director Nicholas Hytner, Royal Opera, Friday 12th May 2017, reviewed by Leslie Jones

This, the third revival of Nicholas Hytner’s production, is a curious mixture of the old and the new. The sets, somewhat reminiscent of David Hockney’s latest phase, are minimalist, as in the opening scene, in the forest of Fontainebleu. At the beginning of Act II, located in the cloister of San Yuste Monastery, massive Romanesque pillars ingeniously descend from above. Use of colour, especially red, is most effective, as with the fans of the ladies of the court during the Song of the Veil, sung by Princess Eboli (Ekaterina Semenchuk). The costumes, however, are ultra traditionalist, albeit striking, as with the serried ranks of furs of the ladies of the French court. All of the main parts are performed with accomplishment although there were no standout performances on this occasion. Continue reading

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Conflicting Conceptions of France

Image from Pinterest

Image from Pinterest

Conflicting Conceptions of France

Stoddard Martin reviews a new life of Léon Blum

Léon Blum; Prime Minister, Socialist, Zionist, by Pierre Birnbaum, Yale University Press, 2015, HB, 233pp

We have recently observed a French election in which the choice seemed to be clear: between a nationalist and an internationalist conception of the meaning of ‘France’. The divide on this issue may go back to the first French revolution – i.e., whether that event was meant to emancipate the People as French or the People as, in effect, of the world. There was a messianic, universalist message in the Enlightenment ideals of the Rights of Man, as in the Francophile Jefferson’s earlier iterations in the American Declaration of Independence. ‘All men are created equal’; ‘Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness [chasse au bonheur]’; ‘Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité’ became battle cries sounding often since 1789 elsewhere than in one nation. Napoleon conquered Europe not just as a Frenchman (Italo-Corsican) but as exporter of the revolutionary idea. An outre Rhin conception of France’s destiny was plain in Emmanuel Macron’s use of the ‘Ode to Joy’ as he walked in front of I. M. Pei’s Louvre pyramid to deliver his victory address. The Marseillaise came only after. Continue reading

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Alas, Poor Russia

Novyi Satirikon, April 1917, Caricature of Grigorii Rasputin

Novyi Satirikon, April 1917, Caricature of Grigorii Rasputin

Alas, Poor Russia

Leslie Jones attends an outstanding exhibition

Russian Revolution: Hope, Tragedy, Myths, British Library, 28th April 2017 to 29th August, 2017

Propaganda is evidently the leitmotiv of this exhibition. The insidious influence of the faith healer Grigorii Rasputin over Tsar Nicholas II and the Tsarina, Alexandra (as depicted in the poster above) was a godsend to opponents of autocracy, especially during the Great War. In ‘A very close friend’ (New York Review of Books, December 2016, a review of Douglas Smith’s Rasputin: Faith, Power, and the Twilight of the Romanovs) historian Orlando Figes shows that the monarchy lost control of the presentation of the news “at a time when its survival depended upon it”.

Nicholas II and Prince of Wales, subsequently George V

Nicholas II and the Prince of Wales, subsequently George V

King George V reportedly liked his relative Nicholas (an honorary Admiral of the British Fleet, no less) well enough. But following the February Revolution of 1917 and the Tsar’s enforced abdication, King George declined to offer his first cousin asylum, having been advised by the British Ambassador in Russia, Sir George Buchanan, that it might cause an uprising here. The Tsarina, who was the daughter of the Grand Duke of Hesse, was allegedly pro-German. Indeed, it was widely believed that Alexandra and Rasputin were in league with the Germans. Moreover, Nicholas was considered by some as The Hanging Czar, to quote the title of a 1908 pamphlet by Tolstoy, which is displayed in W J Chamberlain’s English translation. Continue reading

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In Search of True Federalism


In Search of True Federalism

A further article by Mark Wegierski to Commemorate the Sesquicentennial of Canadian Confederation

It is sometimes maintained that strengthening the provinces and regions in Canada would lead to a more balanced society. While there is no returning to the Old Canada which existed “before the Sixties”, is it possible that this “New Canada” could reach out to incorporate better aspects of the Old Canada – to create a new synthesis – “Canada Three” – rather than continue on the path of ever-intensifying left-liberalism?

What is Canadian identity? There have been at least two, different Canada’s –  the one that existed before the 1960s, and the one that exists today. Traditional Canada was defined by its founding nations – the English (British) and the French (the latter mostly centered in what, in 1867, became the Province of Quebec). These two nations long pre-existed the creation of a Canadian Confederation, the latter with its distinct provinces and with the powers of the federal and provincial governments clearly delineated. Confederation was a marriage of British Parliamentary traditions with the concept of a federation. Continue reading

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